Geographical Location and Setting
Shandong University is located in Jinan, the capital city of Shandong Province. Jinan is famous for its long history and splendid culture, with a total population of over 5.4 million, of which about 2 million live in the metropolitan area. The city has long been well-known as ¡°the City of Springs,¡± having within its downtown district 72 famous springs including the four major spring clusters named the Baotu Spring, the Zhenzhu Spring, the Heihu Spring, and the Wulongtan Spring respectively, of which the Baotu Spring has long been enjoying the reputation of being ¡°the First Spring under the Sky.¡± The crystal clear water from the springs flows north to converge into the Daming Lake, where the ripples of the vast expanse of water shine like silver chains. On the south of the city stands the Qianfo Hill, a well-known Buddhist holy place. The lake and the hill add radiance and beauty to each other, forming the unique charm of Jinan.
Located on the eastern coast and at the lower reaches of the Yellow River, Shandong Province is both the birthplace of the ancient Qilu Culture and one of the economically most developed coastal regions in modern China. It is here that the famous ancient thinker and educationalist Confucius and his doctrine Confucianism were born. Within the province, there is a large number of places of historical interest including scenic spots such as Mount Tai, which has the reputation of being ¡°the Head of the Five Mountains¡± and was designated by UNESCO as ¡°the World¡¯s Natural Cultural Heritage¡±; Linzi, which was the capital of the State of Qi about 3,000 years ago; and the relics of the residences of China¡¯s ancient saint-philosophers like Confucius, Mencius, Sunzi, and Mozi.
Shandong is located in the subtropical zone, with an annual average temperature of 11-14¡æ and an annual rainfall of 550-590mm. The annual average temperature for the City of Jinan is 15¡æ.
Transportation and communication in Shandong are fast and efficient. The international airports at Jinan and Qingdao, the seaports at Weihai, Yantai, and Qingdao, and the crisscrossing highways and railways link up all parts of the province. IDD and e-mail are available.